Aaron Ciechanover was born in Israel in 1947. He is a distinguished Professor in the Technion in Haifa, Israel. He received his M.Sc. (1971) and M.D. (1973) from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and his D.Sc. from the Technion (1982), where as a graduate student with Dr. Avram Hershko and in collaboration with Dr. Irwin Rose from Philadelphia, they discovered the central reaction in the ubiquitin-proteasome system – covalent tagging of protein substrates with ubiquitin which target them for degradation.
They also demonstrated the role of the system in removing short-lived, abnormal proteins. Ciechanover received the 2000 Albert Lasker Award, the 2003 Israel Prize, and the 2004 Nobel Prize (Chemistry; shared with Drs. Hershko and Rose). He is a member of the Israeli National Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (NAS) and its Institute of medicine (IOM)(Foreign Associate), the Pontifical Academy of Sciences of the Vatican, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS; Foreign Fellow).