Taub Center study: Educational achievement gaps narrowed in nearly all levels, especially within similar socioeconomic groups.
In its 2019 State of the Nation report this week, the Taub Center looks at which jobs in Israel are at most risk to computers and machines.
According to the annual “State of the Nation” report published by the Taub Center, a steep rise in income of household in the middle and lower portions of income distribution
Taub Center report shows Arab schools more succesful preventing dropouts
According to a Taub Center study, Israel’shigh school dropout rate has dropped significantlyinthe past decade
Significant changes to hospitalization procedures are required to tackle overcrowding in Israel’s hospitals, rather than simply increasing the number of hospital beds, according to a study published on Thursday by the Taub Center for Social Policy in Israel.
Israel’s health system has been subject to systemic failures in planning, budgeting and regulation by the government, resulting in an acute shortage of beds, inefficiencies and gaps in accessibility of treatment, a report by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel said.
According to the “A Picture of the Nation 2019” report published today by the Taub Center, the total fertility rate in Israel in 2015 was the highest in the OECD.
According to a report published by the Taub Center, citizens have enjoyed sharp increase In standard oflivingin recent years,
The fact that private medicine is gaining ground in Israel is a sign of health inequality, said Prof. Dov Chernichovski, chair of the Health Program at the Taub Center, in a phone interview.
A study by Labib Shami, a senior researcher at the Taub Center, found that in 2016 the bottom 10% of households had debt on average equal to eight years on annual income.
Gilad Brand, a researcher at the Taub Center, broke down PIACC results in Israel by affiliation.
Despite its benefits, employment in hi-tech remains small and the industry is quite isolated from the rest of Israel’s economy.
The information was published by Taub Center, a non-partisan socioeconomic research institute that issues an annual study on the state of Israel’s health, employment, education, and other areas.
Nachum Blass, who wrote the study for the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies, said the rise in special education students is a global phenomenon.
A Taub Center study based on household disposable income finds that buying a home in Israel is not unusually difficult at present.
Employment figures are at a high, wages are up, but living in Israel is relatively expensive compared to other OECD countries, says annual Taub Center assessment
The Taub center released a report that makes the case that there aren’t very many israelis with the high level of skills required by the tech industry.
Taub Center researchers found that the law resulted in increased preschool enrollment for 3- and 4-year-olds, particularly among population groups in Israel that have some of the highest rates of child poverty. For example, enrollment increased from 68 percent to 79 percent among Israel’s Arab population within the first two years of the law’s implementation.
Food prices in Israel have finally started declining in recent years, but certain events last week have Israelis questioning if this trend will continue.
According to a Taub Center study published Thursday, the number of religious Israeli Jews leaving the fold is much greater than the number of secular ones turning religious.
According to data from the Taub Center, housing is more expensive in Israel than in 174 out of 175 of large American cities. Apartment prices have increased by 70-80% over the last several years, whereas wages have only risen by 20-25%.
More and more Israeli households are struggling to make ends meet, according to a Taub Center study published on Tuesday, which shows that Israelis are facing great difficulty in making mortgage payments and paying the monthly rent – especially if it’s both at once.
Taub Center report shows that share of Arab Israeli women pursuing higher education is growing, but many challenges remain
According to the study, Arab Israeli women have significantly improved their academic achievements at the high school level, are more successful than Arab Israeli men.
A December report by the Taub Center showed that price levels in Israel are the highest in the OECD.
Israel is likely to see slow economic growth due primarily to an increase in population groups with high unemployment rates and low skill sets, says a report issued by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies
“A State of the Nation 2017,” produced by the Taub Center, offers a snapshot of the socioeconomic condition of Israel in 2017.
Unfortunately, “this year has been an outlier,” said Avi Weiss, executive director of the Jerusalem-based Taub Center for Social Policy, a non-partisan, socio-economic think-tank.
For years Israel’s GDP per capita grew by 2% to 2.5% per year; however, from 2012 to 2016 it slowed to an average annual growth rate of about 9%.
Taub Center finds three times as many women complete degrees as men, but dropout rates are high and overall numbers remain low
Jerusalem’s Taub Center for Social Policy Studies has just produced a study that links longevity of Israeli men and military service, which contributes to improved p
Israeli men enjoy one of the world’s highest life expectancies — 80.6 years — second only to San Marino, and much greater than the worldwide average of 68.5 years, according to researchers at the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies, who said the age gap could be thanks to athletically grueling, mandatory 32-month service in the Israeli Defense Forces.
According to a study released by the Taub Center, Israel is far from reaching its goal of reducing poverty rates
“Our situation is a much better situation than most European countries,” said Liora Bowers, the director of Finance, Operations and Policy Analysis at the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel.
Taub Center held a workshop on “The Global Network on Social Capital and Health”
Recent years have seen acceleration in the rate of increase in the number of pupils in state secular and state religious schools, while the rate
of growth in ultra-Orthodox and Arab schools has slowed, according to a study the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies released on Monday.
If you live in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv or Haifa, the lines for medical treatment are significantly shorter than if you reside and seek help at hospitals in the North or South, according to a new study released on Monday morning by Jerusalem’s Taub Center for Social Policy Studies. This highlights the feeling in the country that the “haves” are better off in medical care than the “have-nots.”
According to the Taub Center’s 2016 Picture of the Nation Report, where disposable income inequality is the highest in the developed world, where the cost of living relative to salaries is higher than in every OECD country except Japan, and where housing prices have skyrocketed in the last eight years, there are a lot of economically desperate people.
Figures published by the Taub Center, an Israeli socioeconomic research institute, show an incomprehensible gap between men’s and women’s wages.
The reason, accoding to data from A picture of the Nation, a study the Taub Center released last week
According to a report from the Taub Center Israel’s productivity has opened up a growing gap
Some one million Israelis are working in occupations at risk of dissappearing, according to a Taub Center study
The many studies about Israel’s painful productivity problem were recently augmented by another study, by Eitan Regev and Gilad Brand, researchers at the Taub Center for Social Policy, who chose to study the productivity problem at the industry level. They compared productivity in each main industry in Israel to their respective peers in the 12 leading OECD nations, trying to see exactly which industries cause the Israeli productivity problem.
read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/business/.premium-1.717970
Research by the Taub Center shows that the academic degree does indeed make the job market accessible to the Haredim
Despite low results, Taub Center finds that Israel is still world leader in registered patents
The split education system, where students are taught in their own language and according to their own cultural norms, according to Blass, “answers the [Arab] community’s needs.” But it has also led to lower educational achievement among Arab Israelis.
Planned government amendments to the unemployment benefits law will hurt people – particularly women, families with children and Arabs, according to a study released by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies.
A study conducted by economist Eitan Regev of the Taub Center found that the country’s Haredim generally managed to avoid the steep rise in housing prices
Research by Eitan Regev at the Taub Center shows that since 1979 the labor force participation rate – the percentage of working-age adults holding a job or activly looking for one
Lira Bowers, Taub Center’s Director of Policy on IBA News on Women and Parents in the Labor Market – Israel and the OECD
The Taub Center study clearly showed that wealthier municipalities allocate more hours from their own resources than those municipalities with an intermediate or low socioeconomic ranking.
In today’s Israel, say Taub Center researchers, hard work and talent will not provide upward mobility, with a few exceptions. New immigrants ‘need to have a plan’
Computers will replace 41% of Israel’s workers within 20 years, Taub Center report says. What is the government doing to prepare?
Those are among the dismal conclusions of the State of the Nation report, an annual set of papers on Israel’s economy and society released last week by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies, a socioeconomic think tank. There is some good news sprinkled in, but the prognosis is mostly grim.
Taub Center’s annual report labels country as expensive, poor and unproductive
According to Taub Center’s annual report, despite Education Ministry efforts to reduce inequality in the education system, often times policy is determined by the favors
Prof. Avi Weiss speaking on IBA news on Taub Center’s State of the Nation report 2015
According to the Taub Center. the employment rates among men in the haredi sector in 1979 was between 80 percent and 85%
Folic acid and iron alone cost about 250 shekels, according to research carried out last year at the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel.
Taub Center day-long conference on changes since the National Health Insurance Law was implemented
Nachum Blass, who has conducted research into the Israeli education system as well as serving in a number of senior positions in the system, says church schools have been attracting an increasingly large segment of the Arab populaton, growing from 12% to 20% of Arab students in a decade.
About 35% of pharmacists are from Arab communities, making pharmacy an entry point for Israeli Arabs into the middle class and creating an opportunity to improve relations between Arabs and Jews in Israel.
According to a Taub Center study, contrary to popular belief, the share of “agency workers” in Iserael is similar to other developed countries.
A Taub Center study focused on comparing the situation of Ethiopian Jews to that of the Jewish population in general in Israel
These were the findings of a new survey by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, which is being released Thursday.
Israelis of Ethiopian origin have an average gross household income that is 35% less than that the overall average of Israeli households, according to a study of the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies.
The Taub Center painted a tough picture of the State of Israel’s society and economy
The Taub Center released data on Tuesday setting the monthly food expense for people in the third to fifth deciles at some 660 shekels.
Taub Center study “A Picture of the Nation 2015”, presents a picture of Israel’s society and economy
According to Nachum Blass “despite everything that has been done so far to reduce the number of children per class,
Prof. Avi Weiss, the new executive director at the Taub Center for Social Policy, shares his insight with host Niv Elis.
Nachum Blass from the Taub Center, stressed that the link between education and economic growth is very difficult
In Israel, according to the Taub Center, completing the construction-permit process takes on average 11 years
Taub Center is releasing a report mapping out the challenges facing the country in the fields of macroeconomics, the labor market, education
The study answers questions like: Does the level of math studied in high school have an effect later in life? Is it worth making the effort to study higher-level math or is a lower level sufficient? What is the role of natural learning skills in the entire picture?
To this end, a unique data base was constructed that followed a group from bagrut [matriculation] exams, through higher education and to the beginnings of their career paths (age 29). The research was funded in partnership with the Trump Foundation.
Studying math at a higher level could lead to narrowing gaps between men and women
The Taub Center study found that gender affected the level of math studied; 44% of women took 3-4 units of math as opposed to 33% of men. In contrast, 10% of men took their bagrut exams at the 5 unit level, as opposed to 7% of women.
When comparing genders, significant differences were found. First, among those who took 4 units of math, the share of women with an academic degree is significantly greater than the share of men with an academic degree. Nonetheless, in those areas of study that lead to professions with higher wage levels – like economics and business administration, the exact sciences and computer sciences – the majority of matriculating students are men. It was also found that increasing the level of study for those who did 4 units of math (using a hypothetical formulation) to 5 units significantly increases the likelihood of their completing an academic degree, especially among women, and also had an effect on their choice of a field of study. The most notable differences are a reduction in the tendency to study social sciences and an increased tendency to study medicine, economics, business administration, exact sciences, and computer sciences. In particular, the frequency of studying computer sciences increased by half among men and more than three times among women. The frequency of studying economics and business administration went up only slightly for men but increased significantly among women. As a rule, moving from 4 to 5 units of math enables entrance into fields of study that result in higher wage levels later. The impact is greater for women then for men, and so this move narrows the gender gaps in the distribution of academic fields of study.
The effect of academic field of study on wages differs substantially for men and women. Men with an academic degree in Jewish studies, social sciences and law earn (per hour) less than those without an academic degree, while men with a degree in education, medicine and life sciences, economics and business do not earn more than those without a degree. Among women, though, a degree in Jewish studies, humanities, education, medicine and life sciences, social sciences, and primarily economics and business means higher salaries relative to those without a degree. A degree in engineering and the exact sciences or in computer sciences contributes significantly to the wage level for both men and women, although its contribution is greater for women.
Kimhi and Horovitz found that there is also importance to nationality, and apparently the opportunity to study math at a higher level is not equally accessible to all – the number of Jews studying math at a higher level is substantially higher than the number of Arab Israelis or any other minority group. Among Christians and Druze there is a greater tendency to study math at a higher level than among Muslims or other minority groups.
Substantial income differences between those who test at the 3, 4 and 5 unit level
The Taub Center study found that for those completing 5 units of math, monthly income and hourly wage were double the monthly income and hourly wages of those who did not take math at all. Income increased with the level of math studied even when comparing students who received the same score on the bagrut exams, and this fact is especially pronounced in the move from 4 units to 5 units of study. Beyond this, the higher the matriculation score in math, the higher the income level, and this was especially true in the move from a score of 81-90 to a score in the 91-100 range. For example, when the income levels of those who took 5 units of study were examined, the largest gap found was between those who scored between 81-90, and earned NIS 56 per hour, and those who earned NIS 78 per hour and scored between 91-100. That is, income is closely correlated with the level of math studies and the bagrut score.
It was also found that academic degrees that are considered prestigious are worth more in the labor market. Computer science degree holders earn 77% more than those without an academic degree, 90% more than those with a degree in Jewish studies or the humanities, and 40% more than the next group in the degree ranking – graduates of engineering and the exact sciences. On the other hand, there is no significant income gap between graduates of universities and graduates of colleges. Moreover, in certain fields, those without an academic degree earn more than those with a degree – primarily among those with a higher level of math. For example, for those who have studied 3 or more units of math, the wages of someone without a degree are higher than those of someone with a degree in the social sciences.
In addition, Kimhi and Horovitz found that the higher the number of units of math studied, the more likely the individual is to be employed in a more prestigious profession (Figure 1). The rate of academic professionals rose from 4% among those who took the exam at less than a 3 unit level to 49% among those who studied at the 5 unit level. An interesting finding is that the rate of managers does not change significantly in the move from 3 to 5 units of study.
Kimhi explains: “Studying math at a higher level makes it possible to be accepted to a more prestigious academic study track, which leads to higher level employment and higher wages. In essence, the importance of learning higher level math is two-fold. First, it directly contributes to the students’ skill level, and second, the very fact that these students have chosen to study math at a higher level indicates their increased capabilities and motivation. We can assume that these two factors help students gain acceptance to prestigious university departments, and at a later stage, also increases their ability to earn more in the labor market.”
The study also found a relationship between the number of units of math studied and the area of academic study (Figure 2). Among those who studied 5 units of math there is a higher rate of graduates in computer science, engineering and the exact sciences, while among those who studied 3 and 4 units there is a higher rate of degree holders in the social sciences, arts and humanities. Holding a degree in computer sciences raises one’s income considerably, but degrees in engineering and the exact sciences, as well as degrees in economics and business, also have a positive contribution – they are all more common among those who have studied math at a higher level.
The Taub Center’s research study found that studying 5 units of math is also directly positively correlated with income (that is, statistically controlling for various variables), especially among women. In order to examine the effect of different variables, the researchers controlled for a variety of socioeconomic characteristics: gender, religion, family status, children, homeownership, father and mother’s country of origin, immigrant status, and area of residence. In addition, they took into consideration other bagrut scores that could indicate learning skills and intelligence. Even after all of these variables were taken into consideration, a theoretical scenario analysis showed that moving a student from 4 to 5 units of math study (without a change in his bagrut score) could increase wages by 10% – of this 6% is the direct effect and 4% is due to increased income from the fields of study characteristic of someone learning 5 units of math (primarily computer sciences). The direct effect means that even when the other variables are statistically removed, including the field of academic study, the economic employment sector and profession, differences in income remain to some degree between those examined. Even in this situation the results differed between men and women; while the direct effect is 6% for both men and women, the indirect effect through field of study is 3% for men and 5% for women, which reflects the greater impact of higher level math study on women’s choice of academic field of study. All in all, the effect of moving from 4 to 5 units of math increases the wages of men by 9% and those of women by 11%.
The main conclusion that arises from the study is that the level of math study is of great importance for labor market achievements, including employment rates and income level, and academic field plays a considerable role in this. Studying math at a higher level enables acceptance to more prestigious academic departments like engineering, sciences and computing, and this in turn, has an impact on finding quality employment at higher wage levels.
A decline in the number of those testing at the 5 unit level – a national challenge
Despite the knowledge that math study influences academic studies, there is a continuous decline in the rate of those taking the bagrut exams at the higher math levels – from 20% to some 13% of all examinees between 2006 and 2011. In a recent Taub Center study, Senior Researcher Nachum Blass wrote that a possible reason is the strengthening of the approach that judges a school by its bagrut certification rate, which in turn greatly influences the administrative policy of schools and teachers, and the strengthening of the functional approach to the bagrut certification, that places greater emphasis on the overall average score. Teachers and students make a calculation of what is preferable: a relatively high score on a lower level test or a lower score on a higher level test (say, more units of math), and in this way, both students and schools have come to the conclusion that testing at a lower level is preferable.
In contrast to what is commonly believed, though, the researchers found that there is a positive correlation between the test score and the number of units of study; that is, the test score is higher, on average, as the number of units of study is higher (Figure 3). Thus, the fear of a lower score when testing at a higher level of study is not necessarily justified.
Moreover, when testing the scenario in which the math study level was increased from 4 to 5 units while the bagrut score was simultaneously reduced by 10 points, it was seen that the reduction in the score decreased the effect of raising the level of study, but did not negate it completely: the average increase in wages in this case was 7% versus 10% if the score remained the same.
In Kimhi’s words: “On the national level, this decline [in students taking the highest level math exam] is cause for concern regarding Israel’s ability to rely on the elite technology sector as an engine for economic market growth.” In order to deal with this decline, the researchers suggest a variety of solutions. First, find a way to make math studies more attractive and less threatening by improving the quality of teaching – not only at the high school level, but also later on. Second, increase awareness among students and their families of the importance of math studies by explaining and familiarizing them with academic institutions and the business sector. Third, offer economic incentives to schools to increase the share of students that take bagrut exams in math at the higher levels. Kimhi adds: “It is appropriate to finance the implementation of these solutions differentially, so that increasing math studies will become a central tool in narrowing socioeconomic gaps.”
The Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel is an independent, non-partisan institution for socioeconomic research based in Jerusalem. The Center provides decision makers, as well as the public in general, with a big picture perspective on economic and social areas. The Center’s interdisciplinary Policy Programs – comprising leading academic and policy making experts – as well as the Center’s professional staff conduct research and provide policy recommendations in the key socioeconomic issues confronting the State.
For details, or to arrange an interview, please contact Gal Ben Dor, Director of Marketing and Communication 054-464-2333.
According to the 2014 State of the Nation report from the Taub Center for Social Policy, a Jerusalem research firm, the bottom tenth decile of Israelis consumes 25% less than his or her basic food needs. For the next decile up, the figure is one-sixth, more than 16%.
According to a Taub Center report earlier this year, that years-long planning process takes just weeks or a handful of months in other developed countries.
A recent report by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, should make us think again about the impact my “two cents” may have.
According to a new report from the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, Israel’s shadow economy is more than twice as big as that of the United States and amounts to more than a fifth of Israel’s gross domestic product.
“Haredi women today are the breadwinners,” said Eitan Regev of the Jerusalem-based Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, describing them as “practically superwomen.”
Last week, The Taub Center for Social Policy made headlines with its finding that 80 percent of Israelis could not make ends meet each month.
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Prof. Ayal Kimhi on Kol Israel on Taub Center’s State of the Nation Report 2014
A recent study by Prof. Dov Chernichovsky, Taub Center Health Policy Program chair and myself released in annual Taub Center’s State of the Nation report, 2014
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The number of young people who don’t own a home increased to 54 percent in 2012, according to the Taub Center.
According to a report published by the Taub Center
Eitan Regev, a researcher at the Taub Center and doctoral candidate in economics at Hebrew University, tells host Gilad Halpern that many good economic reforms that were planned into the 2015 budget have been put on hold since the parliament was dissolved ahead of new elections; “the future at the moment seems very uncertain,” he says.
Prof. Dov Chernichovsky argues that food policy should focus not only on price, but on nutritional value.
A new Taub Center study is pushing Israel to adopt “Flexicurity” policies, which make it easy to hire and fire people but provide a strong safety net for workers.
It’s not news that there are dreadful gaps in education, employment and income in Israel, in comparison with other OECD countries. But the commonly heald view that this is due to the low levels reached in these areas among Haredim and Arabs needs more than a second look.
We don’t know where we want to go, experts at Taub Center panel say