Category Archives: About -> International Advisory Council

Edward Glaeser

Edward Glaeser is the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1992. He regularly teaches microeconomics theory, and occasionally urban and public economics. He has served as Director of the Taubman Center for State and Local Government, and Director of the Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston.

 

He has published dozens of papers on cities’ economic growth, law, and economics. In particular, his work has focused on the determinants of city growth and the role of cities as centers of idea transmission. He received his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1992.

 

Prof. Glaeser’s books include Cities, Agglomeration, and Spatial Equilibrium (Oxford University Press, 2008), Rethinking Federal Housing Policy (American Enterprise Institute Press, 2008), and Triumph of the City (Penguin Press, 2011).

Burton Weisbrod

Economist Burton Weisbrodhas written or edited 16 books and authored nearly 200 articles on the economics and public policy analysis of nonprofit organizations, education, health, the causes and consequences of research and technological change in health care, poverty, manpower, public interest law, the military draft, and benefit-cost evaluation. His most recent research examines the comparative economic behavior of for-profit, government, and private nonprofit organizations, and the causes and consequences of the growing commercialism of nonprofits. His most recent book is Mission and Money: Understanding the University (Cambridge University Press, 2008), co-authored with Jeffrey Ballou and Evelyn Asch. This book continues his explorations of the role of nonprofit organizations in institutionally mixed industries, which he examined in The Nonprofit Economy (Harvard University Press, 1988) and in his edited volume, To Profit or Not to Profit: the Commercial Transformation of the Nonprofit Sector (Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Weisbrod served as a senior staff economist on the Council of Economic Advisors to presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He consults widely for governments, foundations, nonprofit organizations, and private firms in the United States and abroad.

Janet Rothenberg Pack z”l

Janet Rothenberg Pack is a professor emerita in the Department of Business Economics and Public Policy at The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.  Her research focus has been on public economics, with an emphasis on urban and regional economics.  Pack is currently investigating “Agglomeration Economies and Economic Development” (a project stimulated by the World Bank’s “Knowledge Platform:  Urbanization Project).

 

She began her career as the Economist for the Redevelopment Agency of New Haven, Connecticut, which was undergoing major urban renewal at the time.  During these same years, she was a lecturer in the Department of City Planning at Yale University teaching courses on Urban Modeling.

 

From there she moved on to a position at the newly established School of Public and Urban Policy at the University of Pennsylvania (1970).  When the University transferred its public policy programs to the Wharton School, Pack was among the first members of the new Department of Public and Urban Policy (1978), currently the Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.  She chaired the department from 1992-97.  During that period she was also Editor of the Journal of Public Policy and Management, July, 1994 – 99.

 

Professor Pack has also spent many years (on leave from the University of Pennsylvania) at the Brookings Institution in Washington D.C.  Many productive research and other professional activities stem from that association. She is the author and editor of a number of books, including Urban Models: Diffusion and Policy Application; Sunbelt/Frostbelt:Public Policies and Market Forces in Metropolitan Development; and Growth and Convergence in Metropolitan America.In addition, from 2000 through 2009 she organized an annual conference on Urban Affairs (attended by about 40 major urban scholars).  Each conference resulted in a volume of Brookings Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs and the comments of the papers with an introduction by Pack and the co-editors of the volume, William Gale (1990-94) and Gary Burtless (1995-99).

 

Throughout her career, Professor Pack has been involved with academia in Israel, and has spent a number of summers at Israeli academic or research institutions including Hebrew University and the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. She formerly served on the International Advisory Board of the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya.

Han Entzinger

Han Entzinger has been Professor of Migration and Integration Studies at Erasmus University Rotterdam since 2001. From 1986-2001 he held a similar chair at Utrecht University, and before that he worked inter alia for the Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR), a think tank close to the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, and for the International Labour Office in Geneva.

 

He has published extensively on international migration, integration and multiculturalism and has consulted local and national governments and international organizations on these issues.  He is the former president of the Research Committee on Migration of the International Sociological Association and the former president of the Board of Directors of IMISCOE, the major European network of migration research institutes. Currently, he is the deputy chair of the Scientific Committee of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union in Vienna.

James Heckman

Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for the Economics of Human Development at the University of Chicago

 

James J. Heckman is Henry Schultz Distinguished Service Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at the University of Chicago. In 2000, Heckman shared the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on the microeconometrics of diversity and heterogeneity and for establishing a causal basis for public policy evaluation. He has received numerous other awards for his work, including the John Bates Clark Medal in 1983, the Jacob Mincer Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2005, the 2005 and 2007 Dennis Aigner Award, the Ulysses Medal from the University College Dublin in 2006, the 2007 Theodore W. Schultz Award, the Gold Medal of the President of the Italian Republic in 2008, the Distinguished Contributions to Public Policy for Children Award in 2009, and the Frisch Medal in 2014. He is actively engaged in conducting and guiding empirical and theoretical research on skill development, inequality, and social mobility.

Peter S. Heller

Peter S. Heller is a visiting professor of Economics at Williams College, in Williamstown MA. He also teaches in the graduate program of governance at the University of Maastricht, Netherlands and as an occasional lecture at the IMF Institute. He worked at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for almost thirty years, where he wrote extensively on issues of economic development and poverty reduction, macro fiscal policy, ageing populations, public expenditure policy, health care reforms in developing countries, pension and civil service reform, climate change, privatization, and globalization.

 

At the IMF, he was the Deputy Director of the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund. He has had extensive experience in Asia, working on China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, and Thailand, Africa (where he worked on Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia), and Europe (where he worked on Bosnia). While working at the Fund, he was involved intensively with the WHO’s Commission on Macroeconomics and Health as well as the United Nations Millennium Development Plan. He also was a member of an advisory committee to the Director General of the World Health Organization on tobacco policies.

 

His book Who Will Pay? Coping with Ageing Societies, Climate Change, and other Long-Term Fiscal Challenges was published by the IMF in 2003. During his career, he was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Michigan and after leaving the IMF, he taught several years at the School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Heller received his PhD in Economics from Harvard University and his BA from Trinity College (Hartford).

Adam Gamoran

Adam Gamoran is President of the William T. Grant Foundation, and John D. MacArthur Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Educational Policy Studies at the University of Wisconsin Madison.  At the Foundation, he leads initiatives to support research to improve the lives of young people ages 5 to 25, with emphasis on reducing inequality in youth outcomes and on understanding the use of research evidence in programs and policies that affect youth.

 

In a research career spanning three decades, Gamoran conducted a wide range of studies focusing on inequality in education and school reform.  He is the lead author of Transforming Teaching in Math and Science: How Schools and Districts Can Support Change (Teachers College Press, 2003) and editor of Standards-Based Reform and the Poverty Gap: Lessons for No Child Left Behind (Brookings Institution Press, 2007).  He also co-edited Methodological Advances in Cross-National Surveys of Educational Achievement (National Academy Press, 2002) and Stratification in Higher Education: A Comparative Study (Stanford University Press, 2007).  He chaired the Independent Advisory Panel of the National Assessment of Career and Technical Education for the U.S. Department of Education, served on the Board of International Comparative Studies of Education for the National Research Council (NRC), and currently chairs the NRC’s Board on Science Education.

 

He was twice appointed by President Barack Obama to serve on the National Board for Education Sciences, and he is an elected member of the National Academy of Education and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  In 2013 he was honored with the Spencer Foundation Award for research on educational policy from the Association for Public Policy and Management, and in 2014, he received the Distinguished Contributions to Research in Education Award from the American Educational Research Association.

Robert E. Litan

As an economist and attorney, Litan has had nearly four decades of experience in the worlds of the law, economic research and policy, and as an executive in both the private, public and government sectors. Through his extensive publications and many speeches and testimony, he has become a widely recognized national expert in regulation, antitrust, entrepreneurship, and finance, among other policy subjects.

 

Litan is Counsel to Korein Tillery, a law firm based in St. Louis and Chicago specializing in large case litigation, and Chief Economist at Main Street Genome, a DC-based startup providing financial analytics to small businesses. He formerly directed economic research at the Brookings Institution, the Kauffman Foundation and Bloomberg Government.

 

Litan also serves on several advisory boards: the Smith Richardson Foundation; the Committee for Economic Development; the American Antitrust Institute; and the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. He is also a special consultant to Economists, Inc. in Washington, D.C. He has also been a member of the international advisory board of the Principal Financial Group and has also held several high-level appointed positions, as an economist and attorney, in the U.S. federal government.

 

During his research career, Litan has authored or co-authored 27 books and edited another 14, and authored or co-authored more than 200 articles in professional and popular publications. His most recent book, published by Wiley Press in the fall of 2014, is The Trillion Dollar Economists.

 

Litan earned his B.S. in Economics (summa cum laude) at the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania; his J.D. at Yale Law School; and his M. Phil. and Ph.D. at Yale University.

Daniel Kahneman

Daniel Kahneman is Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Public Affairs at Princeton, a member of the Center for Rationality at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and a partner in The TGG consulting company. He is best known for his work with Amos Tversky on human judgment and decision making, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2002.

Kahneman has also studied a number of other topics including attention, the memory of experiences, well-being, counterfactual thinking, and behavioral economics.  His honors include the Presidential Medal of Freedom (2013), the Distinguished Lifetime Career Contribution of the American  Psychological Association, the Grawemeyer Prize in Psychology (with Amos Tversky), and the Thomas Schelling Award for contributions to policy, among others.  He holds honorary degree from many Universities.

Eric Hanushek

Eric Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. He has been a leader in the development of economic analysis of educational issues. He has authored numerous, highly cited studies on the effects of class size reduction, high stakes accountability, value-added assessments of teacher quality, and other education related topics. His pioneering analysis measuring teacher quality through the growth in student achievement forms the basis for current research into the value-added of teachers and schools. Most recently, Hanushek shows that the quality of education is closely related to national economic growth.

His most recent book, Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School, considers the performance of U.S. schools from an international perspective and identifies the costs of not improving student outcomes. His prior book, Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses: Solving the Funding-Achievement Puzzle in America’s Public Schools, describes how improved school finance policies can be used to meet our achievement goals. Earlier books include Courting Failure, the Handbook on the Economics of Education (four volumes), The Economics of Schooling and School Quality, Improving America’s Schools, Making Schools Work, Educational Performance of the Poor, Education and Race, Modern Political Economy, Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions, and Statistical Methods for Social Scientists. His numerous scholarly articles on a wide range of education topics are very widely cited both in professional journals and in policy discussions.

He is chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of the Koret Task Force on K-12 Education. He recently served as a commissioner on the Equity and Excellence Commission of the U.S. Department of Education. He was chair of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences during 2008-2010. He is currently the area coordinator for Economics of Education of the CESifo Research Network.

He previously held academic appointments at the University of Rochester, Yale University, and the U.S. Air Force Academy. Government service includes being Deputy Director of the Congressional Budget Office, Senior Staff Economist at the Council of Economic Advisers, and Senior Economist at the Cost of Living Council. He has been appointed to a variety of policy commissions including the Governor’s Committee on Education Excellence in California and the Governor’s Commission for a College Ready Texas. He is a member of the National Academy of Education and the International Academy of Education along with being a fellow of the Society of Labor Economists and the American Education Research Association. He was awarded the Fordham Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in 2004.

He is a Distinguished Graduate of the United States Air Force Academy and completed his Ph.D. in economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He served in the U.S. Air Force from 1965-1974.

Stuart Eizenstat

Ambassador Stuart Eizenstat heads Covington’s international practice.  His work at Covington focuses on resolving international trade problems and business disputes with the US and foreign governments, and international business transactions and regulations on behalf of US companies and others around the world.

 

During a decade and a half of public service in three US administrations, Ambassador Eizenstat has held a number of key senior positions, including chief White House domestic policy adviser to President Jimmy Carter (1977-1981); U.S. Ambassador to the European Union, Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade, Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs, and Deputy Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton Administration (1993-2001).

 

During the Clinton Administration, he had a prominent role in the development of key international initiatives, including the negotiations of the Transatlantic Agenda with the European Union (establishing what remains of the framework for the US relationship with the EU); the development of the Transatlantic Business Dialogue (TABD) among European and US CEOs; the negotiation of agreements with the European Union regarding the Helms-Burton Act and the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act; the negotiation of the Japan Port Agreement with the Japanese government; and the negotiation of the Kyoto Protocol on global warming, where he led the US delegation.

 

Much of the interest in providing belated justice for victims of the Holocaust and other victims of Nazi tyranny during World War II was the result of his leadership of the Clinton Administration as Special Representative of the President and Secretary of State on Holocaust-Era Issues.  He successfully negotiated major agreements with the Swiss, Germans, Austrian and French, and other European countries, covering restitution of property, payment for slave and forced laborers, recovery of looted art, bank accounts, and payment of insurance policies.  His book on these events, Imperfect Justice: Looted Assets, Slave Labor, and the Unfinished Business of World War II, has been favorably received in publications like the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, Business Week, and Publisher’s Weekly.  It has been translated into German, French, Czech and Hebrew.

 

Ambassador Eizenstat has received seven honorary doctorate degrees from universities and academic institutions.  He has been awarded high civilian awards from the governments of France (Legion of Honor), Germany, Austria, and Belgium, as well as from Secretary of State Warren Christopher, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and Secretary of the Treasury Lawrence Summers.  In 2007, he was named “The Leading Lawyer in International Trade” in Washington, DC by Legal Times.  His articles appear in The New York Times, Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Foreign Policy magazine, and Foreign Affairs magazine, on a variety of international and domestic topics.  Ambassador Eizenstat grew up and was educated in the public schools of Atlanta.  He is a Phi Beta Kappa, cum laude graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and of Harvard Law School. He is married to Frances Eizenstat and has two sons and five grandchildren.

Aaron Ciechanover

Aaron Ciechanover was born in Israel in 1947.  He is a distinguished Professor in the Technion in Haifa, Israel.  He received his M.Sc. (1971) and M.D. (1973) from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and his D.Sc. from the Technion (1982), where as a graduate student with Dr. Avram Hershko and in collaboration with Dr. Irwin Rose from Philadelphia, they discovered the central reaction in the ubiquitin-proteasome system –   covalent tagging of protein substrates with ubiquitin which target them for degradation.

They also demonstrated the role of the system in removing short-lived, abnormal proteins. Ciechanover received the 2000 Albert Lasker Award, the 2003 Israel Prize, and the 2004 Nobel Prize (Chemistry; shared with Drs. Hershko and Rose).  He is a member of the Israeli National Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (NAS) and its Institute of medicine (IOM)(Foreign Associate), the Pontifical Academy of Sciences of the Vatican, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS; Foreign Fellow).

Henry Aaron

Henry J. Aaron (PhD) is currently Bruce and Virginia MacLaury Senior Fellow in the Economic Studies Program at the Brookings Institution. From 1990 through 1996 he was the Director of the Economic Studies Program.

 

Aaron taught at the University of Maryland from 1967 through 1989, except for 1977 and 1978 when he served as Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. He chaired the 1979 Advisory Council on Social Security. During the academic year 1996-97, he was a Guggenheim Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. He is a graduate of UCLA and holds a PhD in economics from Harvard University.

 

He is also a member of the District of Columbia Health Benefits Exchange and is chair of the Social Security Advisory Board.  He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the advisory committee of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, and the visiting committee of the Harvard Medical and Dental Schools. He was a member of the board of directors of Abt Associates and is a member of the board of directors of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.  He was a founding member, vice-president, and chair of the board of the National Academy of Social Insurance. He has been vice-president and member of the executive committee of the American Economic Association and was president of the Association of Public Policy and Management. He has been a member of the boards of directors of the College Retirement Equity Fund and Georgetown University.

 

Aaron’s publications include: Closing the Deficit: How Much Can Later Retirement Help? (with Gary Burtless); Taxing Capital Income: Do We? Should We? Can We? (coedited with Leonard Burman and Eugene Steuerle); Can We Say No: The Challenge of Health Care Rationing (with Melissa Cox); Coping With Methuselah: The Impact of Molecular Biology on Medicine and Society (coedited with William Schwartz); Agenda for the Nation (coedited with James Lindsay and Pietro Nivola); Crisis in Tax Administration (coedited with Joel Slemrod); The Plight of Academic Medical Centers, Countdown to Reform: The Great Social Security Debate (with Robert Reischauer); and Setting National Priorities: The Year 2000 and Beyond, which he coedited. Other books include The Painful Prescription: Rationing Hospital Care (coauthored with William Schwartz); Can America Afford to Grow Old? (coauthored with Barry Bosworth and William Gale); Serious and Unstable Condition: Financing America’s Health Care; Economic Effects of Fundamental Tax Reform (coedited with William Gale); and Behavioral Aspects of Retirement Economics (editor).

David Autor

David Autor is Professor of Economics at MIT, Faculty Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, Research Affiliate of the Abdul Jameel Latif Poverty Action Lab, Co-director of the MIT School Effectiveness and Inequality Initiative, Associate Director of the NBER Disability Research Center, and Editor in Chief of the Journal of Economic Perspectives.

He studies labor market impacts of technological change and globalization, earnings inequality, disability insurance and labor supply, and temporary help and other intermediated work arrangements. Autor has received the NSF Career award, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship, the Sherwin Rosen Prize for outstanding contributions in the field of Labor Economics, and MIT’s James A. and Ruth Levitan Award for excellence in teaching. He is also an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Autor earned a B.A. in Psychology from Tufts University and a Ph.D. in Public Policy from Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government in 1999. Prior to graduate study, he spent three years directing computer skills education for economically disadvantaged children and adults in San Francisco and South Africa.

 

Autor is the co-captain of the MIT Economics hockey team, which is reputed to be one of the most highly cited teams in the MIT intramural league.