Israel is characterized by exceptionally low employment rates of men and by high wage gaps amongst the working population. The conclusion is that employment gaps and wage gaps in Israel are, to a large degree, correlated with education. The skills that workers with no more than 12 years of schooling have do not allow them to integrate in a satisfactory way into the modern labor market.
In 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics began to conduct its labor force surveys in a new way: the central differences were major changes in the sampling and a move from a quarterly to a monthly survey. The change brought about some significant differences in the data.
In 2005, comprehensive reforms were instituted regarding the employment of foreign workers in the construction sector, in whose framework the Restrictive Employment Arrangement was repealed and an alternative system was implemented, referred to as the Corporations Arrangement. This study examines the effects of this change and makes recommendations regarding extending this arrangement to other sectors where foreign workers are employed.
Decomposition of income inequality in Israel by population sub-groups shows that neither the level of inequality nor its increase over the years can be explained by gaps in average income between population sub-groups.
The employment behavior of Israeli men and women born in different decades has changed from each generation to the next – with differences in education levels the key divider between groups.
- Income Inequality in Israel 2 Oct 2011
- Does Rural Household Income Depend on Neighboring Urban Centers? Evidence from Israel 13 Sep 2010
- Israel’s Labor Market – Today, in the Past and in Comparison with the West 13 Apr 2010
- Ethnic Minorities and Rural Income Inequality: The Case of Israeli Arabs 23 Feb 2010
- Minimum Wage and Negative Income Tax 7 Mar 2006
- Employment, Unemployment and Welfare Policy 17 Nov 2004
- The Erosion of Low Salaries and Increasing Poverty Among Working Families 16 Nov 2004
- Policy toward Foreign Workers in Israel 25 Mar 2001
- The Labor Market in a Pluralistic Society 24 Nov 1998
- Inequality in Income Distribution 14 Dec 1997
- Wage Differentials in the Israeli Manufacturing Sector 16 Jun 1987
- Distribution of Family Income and Taxes 17 Feb 1985