Inequality in Education: Israel 2009 – The Way it is
Author: Nachum Blass, Chaim Adler Policy Research

The gaps between the weaker pupils and the stronger ones and between Jewish and Arab pupils are still large and unacceptable from a social and ethical perspective and are critical from an economic standpoint.

The advantages of Jewish sector education are especially notable in participation in pre-school education, high school education and higher education levels.

However, over the years there has been a continual narrowing of gaps in the various educational inputs. This includes reducing the gaps in direct financial resources invested in the educational systems that serve students from different socio-economic backgrounds and improving the quality of manpower, as well as in outputs, as expressed in learning rates as well as qualifications for matriculation.

The criticisms regarding the inequalities in education that still remain should not negate the positive steps and achievements of affirmative action. Along with this, the advancement of weaker groups occurred while the stronger groups continued to improve their situation, especially in the areas where learning rates have not yet reached their full potential. This is similar to what has happened in the majority of the Western countries.

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