Introduction: Needs and Funding in Israel’s Healthcare System: General Trends
Author: Dov Chernichovsky Policy Research

Since the implementation of the national Health Insurance Law, there has been a positive trend in the availability of medicine to residents of Israel. However, the improvement is low when compared with the general rise in living standards during the same period. Therefore, the health system in Israel only partially enjoyed the fruits of Israel’s economic growth.

The Israeli healthcare system has many achievements to its credit, at least regarding its relative contribution to Israel’s high life expectancies and low infant mortality rates. In 2014, the life expectancy for Israeli women was 84.1 years; for men it was 80.3 years. These are some of the highest figures in the world: Israeli men rank 3rd globally, while Israeli women rank 11th.1 Israel’s infant mortality rate is one of the world’s lowest — 3.1 per 1,000 live births (2014 data), and is itself a major factor behind the country’s high life expectancy.

This introduction appears in the Center’s annual publication, State of the Nation Report 2016edited by Prof. Avi Weiss.