New immigrants began what was called a “direct integration track” into the community. More than one million immigrants were dealt with in this way. This new track represented a privatization of the business of immigrant absorption and a major change in the policies relating to immigrant rights. The implications went beyond the organization or even ideology; the impact on culture and on the cultural integration of immigrants was significant. Reasons for the change – power struggles and windows of opportunity – are all discussed in this paper.
This paper appears as a chapter in the book Formulating Social Policy in Israel, Uri Aviram, Johnny Gal and Yosef Katan (editors).
This paper is in Hebrew only.