Economics

Economics

Poverty and income inequality are inexorably linked to a country’s rate of economic growth.  The Economic Policy Program examines these issues from both short- and long-run perspectives as well as within an international context, highlighting factors that underlie the directions and slopes of Israel’s long-run socioeconomic trajectories.  Research in this area addresses such issues as productivity; human and physical capital infrastructures; government spending, priorities and transparency; cost of living; shadow economy; and credit markets.

 

The Economic Policy Program Fellows include leading academic researchers, former  senior-level cabinet ministry officials – including former Directors-Generals of the Finance Ministry – and top professionals from the Bank of Israel and the Central Bureau of Statistics.  Some Taub Center Fellows have gone on to senior positions within the government, as is the case with the current Governor of the Bank of Israel.


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Education

Education

Education is a fundamental determinant of Israel’s human capital stock and a primary factor influencing the country’s long-term economic growth.  As education is critical in providing opportunities for individuals to realize their full potential, it is vitally important to understand how to advance the quality of educational attainment in Israel.  The Education Policy Program examines educational achievement, budgets, education in relation to regional and ethnic characteristics, and a host of other related issues. Some specific areas of focus have included preschool education, teacher training, higher education, matriculation exams and achievement gaps among population groups.

 

The Education Policy Program Fellows comprise  leading academic researchers from a variety of disciplines, including an Israel Prize recipient for contributions to education, former Ministry of Education senior staff (including Directors-Generals and Chief Scientists of the Ministry of Education), fellows from the Central Bureau of Statistics, experts from the Arab education sector and other policy think tanks, and educators from the field.  In some cases, Taub Center Fellows, have gone on to senior positions within the government, including Director-General of the Education Ministry.


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Health

Health

Examination of Israel’s health system over time and in comparison with health systems abroad is essential for attaining a better understanding of the current state of health and health care in Israel, as well as possibilities for the future.  The Health Policy Program focuses on various facets of the system, including differences in the accessibility of health care and coverage, costs, and the supply of health care professionals. The program focuses on areas such as mental, occupational and dental health, preventive medicine, inequality and gaps in healthcare access, and public funding and resource allocation.

 

Health Policy Program Fellows include leading academic researchers, experts in public health, top hospital administrators, former Ministry of Health senior professional staff (including Directors-Generals of the Health Ministry) and high-level professionals from the National Insurance Institute.  In some cases, Taub Center Fellows, have gone on to senior positions within the government including Director-General of the Health Ministry.


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Labor Markets

Labor Markets

A key factor linking productivity, poverty and inequality is the labor market.  Individuals’ employment prospects and wages are a primary determinant of the extent of economic integration within a country and the country’s standard of living.  The Labor Policy Program examines the functioning of labor markets, with a focus on areas such as employment, compensation and income gaps.  Specific topics include female labor force participation; Haredim (ultra-Orthodox Jews) in the labor force; elderly and other groups on the basis of age, religion and other characteristics; occupational choice; pensions; wages, earnings inequality and job mobility; employment discrimination; and the relationship between education and labor market achievements.

 

Labor Policy Program Fellows include leading academic researchers from a variety of disciplines such as economics, sociology and labor studies, top professionals from the Bank of Israel, and specialists from the non-profit and private sectors.


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Social Welfare

Social Welfare

Israel’s social welfare system provides an array of social services and benefits for the nation’s weakest population groups.  The Social Welfare Policy Program analyzes the structure, availability, accessibility and coverage of various social programs as well as the degree to which these programs are understood and utilized by the intended recipients.  Examples of work in this area include social policy services and benefits relating to the family, retirement and the elderly in the workforce, and the National Insurance Institute’s programs for reducing poverty.

 

Social Welfare Policy Program Fellows bring an interdisciplinary approach to the issues they examine.  In this Policy Program, leading academic researchers from the disciplines of sociology, social work, economics and gerontology join with former top professionals from the National Insurance Institute, the Knesset Research Department, and other prominent experts from the field.


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Additional Areas

Additional Areas

Israel’s primary social and economic issues are diverse and multi-disciplinary, and do not always fit squarely within the Center’s five policy programs.  The Taub Center dedicates itself to researching key domestic socioeconomic policy issues that can bring improvement to Israel’s society and economy, whether or not they fall within the realms of the Center’s distinct Policy Programs.  Such examples include: the housing market; the structure and merging of municipalities; the water sector and water supply policies, and public transportation.


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Data Sets

Data Sets

The Taub Center supports data transparency in order to promote evidence-based analysis and research on the important socioeconomic issues affecting Israel today.  This section of the website contains complete and continuous time series data tables aggregated by the Taub Center, on final budget expenditures by government ministries and agencies and by the National Insurance Institute.  The tables include all expenditures on education, health, income maintenance, welfare (personal social services), housing, employment, and immigrant integration.


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