Social Service Budgeting in Israeli Local Authorities
Author: John Gal, Shavit Madhala and Haim Bleikh Policy Research

Study findings:

  • The average welfare expenditure stands at 11% of the total budget in localities of low socioeconomic standing, and at 6% among those with a high socioeconomic ranking.
  • The average per-client expenditure in strong localities without balanced-budget grants and government development grants (Forum-15 localities) is NIS 9,095, while in Arab Israeli localities the expenditure is only NIS 3,387. In the Haredi localities, which are categorized as part of the low socioeconomic cluster, the average expenditure is NIS 8,749, compared to NIS 7,318 in the Jewish localities (without Haredi and Forum-15 localities).
  • A gap that disadvantages the weaker authorities emerges already with the initial allocation by the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare: NIS 3,170 allocated to the localities of low socioeconomic standing, compared to NIS 5,400 to the other authorities.
  • Most of the gap between localities in per-client budget allocation can be explained by types of care frameworks: the weaker authorities use fewer out-of-home frameworks, which are the most expensive.

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