Excess Mortality and Life Expectancy in Israel in 2020
Author: Alex Weinreb
February 23, 2021
The study provides these estimates for 2020. It calculates “excess mortality” in Israel in general, examines mortality by age groups, and analyzes how much this excess was affected by Israel’s age structure. The data show that after accounting for population growth, the number of deaths in Israel has increased by about 7%, but when also accounting for the reduction in mortality that was expected, the increase is about 10%.
From early September to early October, Israel’s overall mortality rate rose to a level last observed in the 1990s, when life expectancy was about four years lower than it is today. Overall, the excess mortality rate in Israel is lower than would be expected given the population’s age structure and patterns of coronavirus infection among Israelis. It will result in a decrease of about two months in life expectancy at birth and a decrease of almost three months in life expectancy at age 65. The high rates of infection and mortality among Haredim (the ultra-Orthodox) and Arab Israelis will result in a more substantial increase in excess mortality in these population groups and a sharper decline in their life expectancy.